Budget 2023–24: The Highest Income Tax surcharge will be reduced to 25%

Budget 2023–24: High net worth persons with incomes over Rs 5 core will profit from the change.

The government decreased the maximum surcharge on personal income tax from 37% to 25% in the Budget 2023–24. Only taxpayers who choose the new tax system are eligible for the decreased rate. As a consequence, the tax rate on the highest income bracket will decrease from the current 39% to 42.744% when the surcharge is included.

“My fourth personal income tax announcement concerns the highest tax rate in our nation, which is 42.74 percent. One of the highest levels ever recorded. In the new tax system, I suggest lowering the highest surcharge rate from 37% to 25%. In her address introducing the Budget 2023, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman stated that this will lower the top tax rate to 39%.

According to analysts, the action is anticipated to benefit those with annual incomes over Rs 5 crore. In reality, they claim, the reduction in surcharge and adjustment in slab rates will result in a savings of almost Rs 20.75 lakh for someone making Rs 5.5 crore.

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What is a surcharge?

You must pay a surcharge in addition to the regular tax. A tax on tax or surcharge is, in essence, a direct tax imposed to raise money in response to natural disasters. To achieve these requirements, surcharges have been implemented in India, abolished, and then reinstituted with varying thresholds in various Budgets. But as of 2013, it has remained thus. Keep in mind that the surcharge differs from the income tax health and education cess. A taxpayer is required to pay a surcharge of 4% in addition to the 4% health and education cess.

The rate of the fee varies depending on income. The surcharge is applied to the individual’s total income tax, not to the individual’s income.


Budget 2023–24 : Rate of surcharge on income tax after Budget 2023-24

Taxable Income Surcharge
Above Rs 50 lakh and up to Rs 1 crore 10%
Above Rs 1 crore and up to Rs 2 crore 15%
Above Rs 2 crore 25%



Budget 2023–24: Income tax surcharge before Budget 2023-24 

Taxable Income Surcharge
Above Rs 50 lakh and up to Rs 1 crore 10%
Above Rs 1 crore and up to Rs 2 crore 15%
Above Rs 2 crore and up to Rs 5 crore 25%
Above Rs 5 crore 37%


There were 4 separate surcharge rates prior to the modification announced in the Budget 2023–24; there are now only 3.

“It is recommended that under the new regime, the surcharge would be the same for those persons, HUF, AOP (other than cooperative), BOI, and AJP, with the exception that the surcharge rate of 37% will not apply. When income exceeds Rs 2 crore, the highest surcharge is 25%. As a result, the maximum rate would drop from around 42.7% to approximately 39%, according to the Budget Speech annexure.


Income tax slab for AY 2023-24 under new tax regime

Income Tax rate
Up to Rs 3 lakh NIL
From Rs 3 lakh to Rs 6 lakh 5%
From Rs 6 lakh to Rs 9 lakh 10%
From Rs 9 lakh to Rs 12 lakh 15%
From Rs 12 lakh to Rs 15 lakh 20%
Above Rs 15 lakh 30%





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