Flat Water Management System

Flat Water Management System : Water management is a critical step that saves water, the environment, and money by lowering water bills. The agricultural, domestic, and industrial sectors have used a lot of water, which has resulted in lower groundwater levels. Despite the severe water crisis, a significant amount of water is wasted each day.

Water management is a major issue in many apartments, particularly in major cities such as Delhi, Mumbai, and Bangalore. Proper water management practises in the flats can aid in the consumption of water in a sustainable manner. Here is a water management system that flats in various cities can use.

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Flat Water Management System : Make a Strategy

Flat associations must take the initiative and develop a plan to implement a sustainable water management system. Residents’ support is required for the water management system plan to be implemented successfully. As a result, flat associations should try to raise public awareness about the importance of water conservation. During monthly meetings, this can be discussed, or notices mentioning the need for an environmentally friendly lifestyle can be distributed.


Water Management Practices Incorporation

Now that water levels are dropping due to rising water demand, it is more important than ever to conserve water by implementing water management practises. Allocation, Conservation,  retrofit programmes, and behavioural practises are all part of an effective water management system.



Conservation of Water

Conservation is a water management method that entails replenishing groundwater levels by reducing groundwater consumption and using an alternate water source. Water conservation techniques include rainwater harvesting, reusing greywater, groundwater recharge, and wastewater recycling.


Rainwater Collection

Rainwater harvesting is the process of collecting rainwater from the surface. A flat association, for example, can choose rooftop rainwater harvesting or artificial groundwater recharging to store rainwater in a tank that can be used for daily needs other than drinking.


Use of Greywater

Greywater is wastewater generate by non-toilet plumbing systems. Greywater can now be easily treated and reused because it contains fewer contaminants. Recycled greywater, for example, can be used for cleaning, laundry, or gardening if your apartment has a dual piping system.



Recharge of Groundwater

Groundwater recharge is a hydrologic process in which water moves downward from the surface to groundwater. It can be recharge naturally through rain or artificially through surface water infiltration into shallow aquifers. As a result, apartment associations must seek ways to increase groundwater levels through the use of artificial groundwater recharge techniques.


Water Charge Allocation

An efficient water management system considers water conservation methods and lowers water energy bills. In most flats, two types of water charge allocation practises are use: RUBS and Sub-Metering.


RUBS (Ratio Utility Billing System)

This method of allocating water charges is deemed ineffective because it fails to provide the true cost or unit of water consume by each family or flat. Water costs in flats are allocate to each resident base on the number of bathrooms in each flat, the size of the flats, or the number of occupants in each flat under this system.



Flat Water Management System : Sub-Metering

Sub-metering is an efficient system for allocating water charges in flats. This metering system consists of a metre that measures the amount of water used by each flat. The sub-metering system allows flat owners or residents to pay for the amount of water used rather than a fixed amount.


Water Conservation Retrofit

Retrofitting is a water-saving technique that involves replacing existing plumbing equipment with equipment that uses significantly less water. The retrofit programmes are long-term, one-time conservation measures that apartment associations should consider implementing in their community.

Furthermore, water-saving fixtures that operate similarly to those being replace should be considere. The retrofit programme not only involves the replacement of water-system fixtures, but apartment associations can also be educate about the best fixtures, their usage, where to get them, and how to install them under such programmes.



Personal Behavioral Practices

Individual behavioural practises entail changing the water usage habits of flat owners or residents in order for them to use water more sustainably. Some practises that flat owners or residents can implement to help conserve water are list below:


Flat Water Management System : Water-Saving Fixtures

Bathroom, kitchen, and laundry fixtures and fittings should be more water-friendly, resulting in less water usage. For example, a flat owner can choose low-height showers and taps, dual flush buttons, or other eco-friendly fixtures to help reduce water usage significantly.


Water should not be waste.

With a little care, it is possible to save a significant amount of water. First, check to see if there is a leaking pipe in your apartment and have it repaired as soon as possible. Next, make sure your children turn off the faucets and control the amount of water that flows out of the dishwasher, sink, or washing machine. Small practises such as turning off the tap while brushing, not overfilling the bathtub, washing the car with a bucket rather than a pipe, and so on can help with overall water management in the particular flat.


Flat Water Management System : Awareness

Aside from your family members, other people in your flat may use water, such as a gardener, maid, driver, or cook. Educate them on the value of water conservation and make sure they are not wasting it.



Flat Water Management System : Conclusion

With decreasing water levels and increasing demand for water, it is imperative that everyone make efforts to conserve water. Implementing an efficient water management system in the flats is one of the best ways to conserve water.

The flat owners’ association is responsible for implementing water conservation measures such as rainwater harvesting and greywater reuse. Additionally, as an individual flat owner or resident, one should seek out novel ways to conserve water.




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