India’s list of smart cities
Kharghar: The National Smart Cities Mission of the government aims to transform metropolitan areas across the country into sustainable, citizen-friendly smart cities.
On June 25th, 2015, Prime Minister Narendra Modi made the formal declaration to launch the Smart Cities Initiative. The project aims to raise India’s economy and, as a result, the standard of living for its people. 31% of the total population lives in cities, according to data gathered during the 2011 Census.
40% of India’s population is projected to live in urban regions by 2030, contributing 75% of the nation’s GDP from these locations. The goal of a new government programme is to improve the standard of living in 100 Indian communities.
Let’s examine the Smart City Mission in India in detail, analysing its objectives, characteristics, list of cities, and any other pertinent details.
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India’s Smart Cities: A Quick Overview
|Amount||Rs 2,05,018 crore|
|Tendered||6809 Projects / Rs189,737 crore|
|Work Order Issued||6222 Projects / Rs 164,888 crore|
|Work Completed||3480 Projects / Rs 59,077 crore|
Kharghar smart cities : India’s Smart Cities Mission
A “smart city” is an urban area with a strong economy and technologically advanced physical infrastructure, environmentally friendly structures, and communication systems. The provision of essential services to all of the city’s residents is supported by IT, which acts as the backbone of the neighbourhood. There are many different technical infrastructures in use, such as data centres and automated sensor networks.
The promotion of technology that produces intelligent results and improves the standard of living in local communities is a goal that the Indian government has set. The smart city initiative was chosen for about 100 urban areas. These cities and towns received assistance in their efforts to forge unique identities and preserve their cultural traditions.
Some of the most crucial elements of urban development in a smart city include the following examples:
- Environment that is sustainable
- Education and Healthcare
- adequate electric and water supply
- the removal of waste and sanitation
- E-government in the areas of health and education and public involvement
- Infrastructure for low-cost housing for the poor
- Digitalization and IT networking
- Public transit and urban mobility
India’s Smart Cities: Features
- maximising land usage by the establishment of “unplanned” zones where many forms of land use and activity coexist. Governments will have a great deal of flexibility in how they regulate building and land use to take future changes into consideration.
- To reduce the use of cars, pollution, and resource consumption, make towns more walkable. This directly leads to a more robust local economy, greater social possibilities, and a safer neighbourhood. Throughout the process of creating the road network, consideration is given to the requirements of users of various forms of public transportation, bicycles, and pedestrians as well as the accompanying infrastructure and office buildings.
- This advocacy will be helpful for a variety of transportation modalities, including transit-oriented development (TOD), public transportation, and last-mile rapid transit.
- Infrastructure and service upgrades made possible through the application of “Smart Solutions” in the context of area-based development. This might involve things like more affordable services, less energy being used, and fewer natural calamities happening.
- The preservation and growth of green spaces like parks, gardens, and playgrounds is crucial for improving the standard of living in metropolitan areas, reducing the consequences of the urban heat island effect, and fostering a more ecologically stable planet.
India’s Smart Cities: Financial Support
The Central Government manages the Smart City Mission as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS), which receives financial support in the sum of Rs. 48,000 crore over 5 years, or an average of Rs. 100 crores per city every year. Around one lakh crore rupees worth of cash will be available for the development of smart cities because the State or ULB would be expected to provide an equivalent amount on a matching basis.
Kharghar smart cities : A Challenge
The Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD) initiative, which used an area-based development plan as its decision-making framework, used the challenge as the basis for selecting cities to receive funds. Cities competed against one another with other cities inside the same state at the state level. Following that, the state-level champion took part in the national Smart City Challenge. Cities chosen to participate in the mission were those who had earned the most points overall in a certain round.
India’s smart cities are integrated with government-sponsored initiatives
It is linked to several other government-initiated programmes to assure the mission’s success. Coordination of the state’s physical, institutional, social, and economic frameworks is necessary to achieve overall success. The following are the government-initiated programmes:
- Atal Mission for Urban Transformation (AMRUT).
- Historic Cities Development and Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY)
- Made in India.
- Indian Internet
- Clean India Initiative
- Awas Yojana Pradhan Mantri
Indian Smart Cities: Suggestions
The following suggestions can help the mission succeed more fully:
- As most cities won’t be able to operate at their highest efficiency in just 5 years, the programme needs to be plan for the long term.
- More projects need to be found in order to satisfy the needs of the city. Many forward-thinking cities still need to update their drainage systems.
- It is important to investigate why cities like Amaravati, Bhagalpur, Muzaffarpur, and Shillong haven’t finished a single project.
- In order to mobilise funding, tax income must be increase. Also, the movement of monies should be made public.
- Cybersecurity is require to safeguard each of these metropolitan centres so that data can be encrypted and unauthorise access is prevent.
Kharghar smart cities : The data-smart city mission in India’s smart cities
The Smart Cities Mission promotes local area development and the use of technology, particularly that which produces intelligent outcomes, in order to raise economic growth and living standards.
In order to use the power of data in addressing challenging urban issues, the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs’ Smart Cities Mission has adopted a “Data Smart Cities” strategy. The Data Smart Cities initiative would put its main emphasis on developing a culture of data-driven governance in smart cities.
By encouraging the creation of smart city alliances, networks, municipal data plans, etc., the Data Smart Cities programme seeks to help municipalities lay the groundwork for a data culture. It aims to promote peer-to-peer learning on data-driven governance across cities in addition to providing reusable use examples for smart cities in several domains.
Due to the extensive usage of IoT (internet of things) devices, sensors, and other tools and methods to “sense” the city, the sources and volume of data collected in cities are continuously expanding. “Data Smart Cities” are urban areas where the use of data and data awareness are commonplace in all aspects of business and government. It is intend that “Data Smart” local governments will improve their decision-making processes through encouraging public participation, co-creation, and creative problem-solving.
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