Partnership Deed: Format, Registration Procedure, Cost, & Documents

A formal agreement between partners who are operating a firm jointly is known as a partnership deed. Indian law offers business owners a variety of choices for launching a venture. A partnership firm is one of the most popular options among entrepreneurs due to its numerous advantages.

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However, managing a partnership requires careful planning and includes a lot of risk; things like arguments, finances, or any other internal problem can cause a disaster. It is advisable to sign a partnership deed, a legal procedure that can assist protect the rights of each party involved in the business partnership, before starting a new adventure and devoting all of your savings and efforts to beginning your new joint venture.

Therefore, if you want to start a business and are thinking about registering the partnership firm, you have come to the proper location. You may be curious as to what a partnership deed is. Everything regarding the partnership deed in India as well as its importance will be covered in this blog.


Documents for Partnership Deeds & More

Describe the Partnership Deed

When two or more persons collaborate to run a business, a partnership deed serves as the formal legal arrangement. This agreement outlines all of the key terms and circumstances pertaining to the business, including profit-and-loss allocation, liabilities, admission of new partners, established regulations, compensation, and exit procedures, among others.

This document is crucial, and if the business finds itself in court for whatever reason, it can be used as evidence. There is no chance of the Partnership Deed, also known as the Partnership Agreement, being lost while in the custody of the partners because it is registered under the Indian Registration Act of 1908.

Additionally, registering the partnership deed has a number of advantages, including enabling the organisation to apply for a PAN and open a bank account. It aids in obtaining a GST registration or an FSSAI Licence in the name of the organisation.


The Partnership Deed’s provisions

If there is a disagreement or uncertainty on a specific topic, a partnership deed can protect your interest. Therefore, the Deed must contain all pertinent legal information about the firm. Although there is no set pattern for preparing a partnership deed, we have given you with a list of information that is included in the partnership agreement so that you can fairly grasp its contents:

In a partnership deed, the following details are included:

  • Purpose of Partnership: The partners’ names and addresses, as well as any other information required to clarify the type of business the partners are involved in, are listed as the purpose of the partnership.
  • Partnership’s primary place of business: The Company will run out of whatever location(s) the Partners decide at any given moment.
  • Partnership duration: Both the deal period and the company’s founding date must be specified in the Deed.
  • Capital contribution: Contribution of the firm’s capital, money, assets, goods, or services at a predetermined price (partnership contribution share-wise).
  • Capital Withdrawals: Details of the capital withdrawal policy that each partner is allowed to use, including whether interest will be paid to the firm on such withdrawals.
  • Salary & Commission: Details about the ratio or percentage of the partners’ salaries are provided under “Salary & Commission.”
  • Ratio of profit to loss: The Partners will accrue and bear the loss ratio.
  • Regulation for dissolving partnership: Provisions concerning the firm’s accounts and how they will be handled in the event of partnership dissolution.
  • Rules for admission of a new partner: Details about the future admission, retirement, and exit of a partner. The Rules for admission of a new partner.
  • Rules to be adhered to: Rules to follow if a partner declares bankruptcy.
  • Account and audit details: Any partner may check and examine the accurate and complete books of accounts of the firm’s transactions at any time that is reasonable.
  • Partner’s Voluntary Withdrawal: The Partnership Deed must include provisions for a partner’s voluntary withdrawal.
  • Partners’ Responsibilities: It mentions the function and duties of each partner.
  • Banking and Partnership Funds: The Partners will pick a bank account where the funds held in the firm’s name will be deposited.
  • Borrowings: In order to get loans from banks, financial institutions, or any other third parties for the needs of the business, the written approval of each partner will be necessary.
  • Fiscal year for partnerships


Format Example for Partnership Deed

The sample below shows the format of the Partnership deed.

Partnership Deed: Format, Registration Procedure, Cost, and Documents

Advantages of a Partnership Deed

A partnership deed can be spoken, but it’s important to have it in writing. The disadvantage of an oral agreement is that it has no value for tax purposes and cannot be used as evidence in a court of law in the event of a disagreement between the spouses. Therefore, having a documented partnership deed is preferred.

  • In the event of a conflict, it empowers business owners to file a lawsuit in court. Due to the fact that all of the terms & conditions have already been settled upon and stated in the Deed, it helps prevent any misunderstandings or disputes between the business owners.
  • It lays down each partner’s responsibilities in detail.
  • It clarifies the profit/loss ratio & lowers the likelihood of misunderstanding.
  • The amount that each partner has contributed to the firm is mentioned.
  • It also includes information on the wages and commissions provided to the partners, as well as what interest will be due if any of the partners decide to withdraw capital.


Registration Fees for Partnership Deeds

The business partners involved must pay the partnership deed registration fee in order to register a partnership deed. The court charge is Rs. 3 plus Rs. 10 for the affidavit, which must be submitted on non-judicial stamp paper.


Charges for Partnership Deed Stamp Duty

A partnership deed’s stamp duty is paid in accordance with Section 46 of the Indian Stamp Act of 1899. Despite the fact that these fees vary from state to state, the deed must be notarized on non-judicial stamp paper for a fee of at least Rs. 200. The sub-registrar receives payment of the stamp duty fee.

The smallest amount of stamp duty that must be paid in the capital, New Delhi, is Rs. 200 for a partnership document. The smallest amount of stamp duty required in Mumbai & Kolkata is 500 rupees. The same is true for Bangalore, where the minimum stamp duty charge is Rs. 500 in cases when the firm’s capital exceeds that amount.

The Gujarat Stamp Act, 1958’s Schedule I’s Article 44 specifies that the stamp duty on a partnership deed is equal to 1% of the capital (total partnership capital). The highest amount that can be charged is Rs. 10,000.


Different types of Partnerships

A formal agreement between partners operating in a business or enterprise together is known as a partnership deed. However, depending on the nature of the relationship in the commercial venture, partnerships can differ. The following partnership types are typically found.

  • General partnership- An arrangement where two or more people carry on business collaboration is known as a general partnership. In this instance, any of them may also be managing a company on behalf of everyone else. Each partner in this partnership is equally responsible for all aspects of the company. In this partnership, one person has the power to bind the entire group in a binding legal manner. Profits are allocated evenly in this system, while obligations are managed equally.
  • Limited Partnership- One partner in a limited partnership is subject to unlimited liability, whilst the other partner is subject to limited liability. The Limited partners have little or no authority over the day-to-day management of the firm.
  • Limited Liability Partnership (LLP) – In this type of partnership, each partner is only responsible for their proportionate share of the capital invested. The partners in this kind of partnership are not personally responsible for the firm’s debts.


Required Paperwork to Create a Partnership

To register for a partnership deed, a number of documents are needed. The following papers are required to establish a partnership:

  • Each partner’s PAN card
  • 1 application form
  • a copy of the partnership agreement that each partner has signed
  • PAN of the company
  • Address verification for each partner
  • Address verification for the business
  • An accurate affidavit of acknowledgement that has been notarized.
  • pictures of each of the partners

The paperwork needed to register the partnership deed must be signed by a representative of the appropriate authorities.


Process for Registering Partnership Deeds

It is advisable to obtain a partnership deed even though it is not required because it helps to define each company partner’s obligations and rights. The Indian Partnership Act of 1932 has no time limit for registering a partnership firm. The corporation can be registered at the moment of its formation or after it has started, depending on the partners’ approval. Here is how it works step by step:

  • Application in Form A submitted to the Registrar of Firms with the necessary company information;
  • The registrar must receive a signed copy of the agreement with all the laws and regulations;
  • Pay the affidavit fee, the stamp duty, and any other necessary fees;
  • The company name is entered into official records after the registrar approves the registration application, and the partners can pick up the incorporation certificate.


What Takes Place If a Partnership Deed Is Missing?

If the business partners are unable to get the Partnership deed, accounting rules will apply.

  • Regardless of the circumstances, all partners are responsible for splitting the profit or loss.
  • Partners are not required to receive a set compensation on a consistent basis.
  • There will be no interest applied to any of the partners’ drawings.


Reliability of an oral partnership agreement

A deed known as an oral partnership deed is one in which the terms and conditions governing the partnership of real estate are decided orally. Although written partnership agreements are not required, oral agreements are nevertheless legally binding. Additionally, it is necessary for filing taxes and registering a partnership firm.


Does a Partnership Agreement Require Notarization?

Yes, notarizing the partnership deed in addition to registration is required. The deed becomes a legal document once it has been notarized. In the event of a dispute, the document may be defended in court. The public notary’s deed informant must be signed in the presence of all partners.


Conclusion: Partnership Agreement

Collaboration A deed is a legal document that outlines each partner’s specific responsibilities. It governs their rights as partners and helps resolve disagreements and misunderstandings.

Everything pertaining to a partnership deed is covered in the aforementioned article. Check see the FAQ section below if you still have questions. For further information, you can also get in touch with an experienced attorney.





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