Residential Status Used To Calculate Income Taxes

Income Taxes: The Income Tax Department’s top objective during the tax filing procedure is to ascertain a person’s residence status. The taxability of an individual is greatly influenced by their residence.

An individual’s income tax in India is based on their residency status for the current fiscal year and the four years preceding. Indian nationals occasionally leave the country for periods of time as long as a year. Due to income tax reasons, a non-Indian may also elect to live in India for a particular year. A person’s residence status is established differently from a firm’s or a big company’s.

The Income Tax Department’s top objective during the tax filing procedure is to ascertain a person’s residence status. The taxability of an individual is greatly influenced by their residence.

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Status classifications for residents

The residence status of a visitor to India is classified according to their duration of stay under Indian income tax legislation. The current year and the years before it are taken into account when determining a person’s residence status. Three heads comprise the status:


Income Taxes: Ordinary or Permanent Residents

A person must meet one of the two requirements outlined in Section 6(1) of the Income Tax Act in order to be eligible to be a ROR, or Resident of India.

In order to qualify as a “ordinary resident,” a person must either stay in India for an entire year, which equates to at least 182 days, or they must spend at least 60 days there during the current fiscal year, or they must have spent at least 364 days there in each of the four years immediately prior to the previous year.

There are two key factors that decide whether a person is a “Resident” or “Ordinary Resident” (ROR) of India under Section 6(6) of the Income Tax Act of 1961. –

  • if the individual spent 730 days or more in India in the seven years prior to the current fiscal year.
  • A person resided in India for at least two of the 10 years prior to the current year.

When an Indian national or someone of Indian ancestry goes outside of India for work purposes within a fiscal year, the individual will only be considered an Indian resident if they stay there for at least 182 days (or longer).

However, the time frame has lately been reduced to 120 days (or more) only if that person’s income (excluding income from overseas sources) surpasses fifteen lakh rupees as of the FY 2020–2021.

Another modification was that an Indian citizen who is exempt from paying taxes in other nations will still be regarded as an Indian citizen. For this change, however, the individual’s total income must be greater than 15 lakh rupees. And the individual’s residence cannot result in any additional tax obligations in other nations or states.


Not your typical resident yet nonetheless a resident

The following prerequisites must be satisfied in order for someone to be classified as an RNOR (Resident not an Ordinary Resident):

  • The individual must have spent at least 730 days (or more) in India during the most recent fiscal year.
  • In the previous fiscal year, the person spent two out of every ten days living in India.


Income Taxes: Non-Resident

When a person does not check any of the boxes in the first two categories, they are regarded as non-residents. Additional requirements for NR status include:

  • When a person spends fewer than 181 days in India within a fiscal year.
  • When a person spends less than sixty days in a fiscal year in India.

if a person spends 60 days in India during a fiscal year but hasn’t spent 365 or more days there over the preceding four fiscal years.


Determining a business’s residential status


Resident (Ordinary Resident) (Ordinary Resident)

If a business was founded in India, had its highest level of production there. Or made key choices that affected the firm as a whole for the FY there. It is referred to be a resident of India.


Not your typical resident yet nonetheless a resident

A business or entity can never be classified as a “Not Ordinary Resident.”


Income Taxes: Non-Resident

The governing corporation automatically qualifies as a “Non-resident” if it does not match the aforementioned requirements. It denotes that neither the company’s origins nor its effective management have been in India.


Residential status and income taxes: ROR, RNOR, and non-resident tax rates

A resident is someone who has the status of a resident in India and is subject to tax depending on their worldwide income (money earned in India and outside the country).

A non-resident and an RNOR: These two categories of individuals have their tax obligations limited to simply the income they earned in India. In India, income earned abroad is not subject to taxation.


Verification of a person’s residence status

One must first make sure the person qualifies for exceptions to the primary requirements. After the verifications are completed, it is indicated if the basic requirement of 182 days is met (or more). A resident or non-resident status will be available depending on whether the person checks the list.




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