Rosa Chinensis : Plant Benefits, Care & Upkeep

Rosa chinensis, also known as the China rose, is a popular ornamental plant grown in gardens. Continue reading to learn about its advantages, as well as helpful plant care and maintenance tips.

Rosa chinensis is the common name for a deciduous shrub in the Rose family of flowering plants. The plant is mostly found in southwest China, primarily in the provinces of Guizhou, Hubei, and Sichuan. Many rosa chinensis varieties are grown in gardens and are popular due to their bright, red or pink flowers.


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Rosa Chinensis: Quick facts

Botanical name

Rosa chinensis

Common name

China rose (Chinese rose) or Bengal rose



Found in

Southwest China


Red or pink flowers

Flowering season

Summer (April to September)


Pinnately divided, glossy and dark green leaves


Used as an ornamental plant or a kitchen herb



  • In hedges or thickets, the shrub can reach a height of 2 metres.
  • The plant has pinnate leaves that are alternately arrange and have three or five leaflets.
  • Rosa chinensis flowers are hermaphrodite and usually appear in groups of four or five. The flowers of wild plant varieties have five pink to red petals.
  • The plant is also use as a kitchen herb in cooking.
  • Rosa chinensis has been widely cultivated as an ornamental plant, and some cultivars are known as China roses.


The advantages of Rosa chinensis

Medicinal applications

The flowers of the China rose, as well as the plant’s leaves and roots, are use for medicinal purposes. The flower buds improve blood circulation and relieve stomach pains and swellings. The leaves, fruits, and roots of the plants are used to treat conditions such as arthritis, boils, and coughs. Vitamin E is found in the seeds.



The plant’s flower buds, flowers, and shoot tips are eaten as herbs or served in soups. The fruit can be eaten raw or cooked. However, the seeds are surrounded by only a thin layer of flesh. To avoid irritation in the mouth and digestive tract, seed hair must be remove before eating the fruit. The seeds are ground and mixed with flour or use as a supplement in other foods.


Decorative purposes

The plant produces semi-double or double red, pink, white, or purple flowers. Gardeners like this plant because of its beautiful flowers and pleasant fragrance. As a result, the China rose plant is widely use in landscaping as an ornamental garden plant.


Rosa chinensis cultivars


  • Chinensis: This cultivar has red petals and originated in cultivation.
  • Spontanea: One of the rosa chinensis varieties with red petals. It is indigenous to China’s Guizhou, Hubei, and Sichuan provinces.
  • Semperflorens (Curtis) Koehne: Dark red or purple petals characterise this cultivar of Rosa chinensis.

For many years, numerous rosa chinensis varieties have been cultivated in China. As a result, there may not be significant differences between wild and cultivated varieties of the plant. Rosa chinensis was use to create some garden rose varieties.

Rosa odorata is create by crossing Rosa chinensis varieties with Rosa gigantea, another rose species. Through further hybridisation, they produce tea roses and hybrid tea roses.


Rosa chinensis treatment

Rosa Chinensis: Sunlight

During the growing season, the China rose plant requires at least six hours of direct sunlight per day. In partial shade, the plant only grows leaves and does not bloom. In the summer, however, avoid overexposure to sunlight.



Soil The plant grows in a variety of soil types. It grows best in well-drained, fertile, acidic soil. It can grow in heavy clay and moist soil as well. To avoid water accumulation, place the plant on a higher terrain.



Rose seed may take two years to germinate, owing to the plant’s need for warmer weather following a cold spell to mature the embryo and reduce the seedcoat.


Rosa Chinensis : Water

Plant growth thrives in moist soil conditions. However, avoid waterlogged conditions to prevent root rot. Watering should be done only when the topsoil becomes slightly dry, whether the plant is grown in the ground or in containers. There is no set watering schedule for the plant.

The number of flowers will be reduce due to the drought. As a result, water the plant every two to three days.



The plant must be pruned on a regular basis. You can prune the plant’s faded flowers and thin, overlapping branches. Pruning after flowering and before winter helps the plant save nutrients and grow with concentrated nutrition.

Keep the main vine branches about two or three metres long and cut off the rest. In the case of bush plants, prune the plant up to one-third of its original height and leave four or six thicker branches to ensure the plant’s shape matches your preference.


How do you cultivate Rosa chinensis?

Use humus-rich, moderately acidic sandy soil when growing Rosa chinensis in a pot. When planting, loosen the soil and apply organic fertiliser as a base fertiliser. You can cover the soil surface with organic mulch to retain heat, preserve roots, and prevent weed growth.

Avoid transplanting China roses from one location to another during the winter months. Check that the area is well-lit and ventilated. It may otherwise attract pests and diseases.



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