‘Smart’ Water for Smart Cities | What is Smart Water

‘Smart’ Water for Smart Cities : Cities have developed innovative water acquisition methods over the years. The Romans constructed aqueducts, whilst the Mayans built subterranean storage chambers. Centrifugal pumps, specialise toilets, and 60-story dams are just a few examples of the technologies use by modern cities to save resources. Future cities will need to advance farther, though.

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Describe Smart Water.

“Smart water” is one of the six components of a smart city. The last five are integration, public services, buildings, energy, and transportation. These initiatives, according to Water World, are meant to improve quality of life by increasing the city’s sustainability and efficiency. The phrase “smart water” describes a comprehensive management approach for both this precious resource and the infrastructure that underpins its collection, filtration, and delivery.

Every city is different when it comes to preparing for these issues. Nevertheless, several tactics may be integrated to create a plan for the future’s smart water cities, making them universally relevant.


Sustainable Water Management’s Role in Smart Cities

A recent United Nations research on drought found that droughts are becoming more frequent, more severe, and lasting longer, which is worsening food insecurity and poverty. Cities will see rising residential, environmental, and industrial demand for smart water as they grow. Smart city planners must thus be ready for the subsequent five to ten years, and maybe even the next century.

AI, Big Data, and the Internet of Things (IoT) technologies can be use to successfully close gaps in India’s present water and wastewater infrastructure (IoT). Smart cities must ensure that the populous has access to enough water given that the majority of the country experiences water stress. Recycling, initiatives to modernise the distribution network, wastewater treatment facilities, desalination, and smart water metering are only a few proactive measures that can help the current water crisis.



Ingenious Water Recycling

Smart water cities must effectively use their resources by reducing waste because they are built on the idea of sustainability. In smart cities, intelligent water recycling is crucial.

Why don’t we recycle water the same way we recycle metals and plastics? A multi-use technique is possible since some tasks, including maintaining landscaping and using bathrooms, don’t require drinking-quality water. Many of these needs may be met by greywater, or recycle water that hasn’t pick up any garbage. It is feasible to reuse up to 75% of household smart water as greywater.

Firstly, bathing, cooking, and drinking are the three main uses of smart water. Following treatment, facilities are offer for general cleaning, dishwashing, clothing laundering, and flushing. Prior to using this water for gardening and farming, it is once again treated. RWAs take care of the treatment facilities, which results in recycling on a communal level.


Treatment Of Wastewater In Smart Cities

The groundwater table has rapidly decreased over the past several years, mostly as a result of badly regulated extraction and inappropriate consumption. As a result, effective wastewater treatment has become more important in smart cities around the country.

About 37% of the total volume of wastewater generated everyday in the country can be treated in India. Smart water towns can set up wastewater treatment facilities that are outfitted with the require technologies to efficiently handle municipal trash. Individuals and organisations can also set up wastewater operations at varying scales inside their structures depending on their diverse volumes. Singapore is a great example of clever water management. The nation uses clever water management techniques to satisfy 40% of its water needs.



Governance and Water Metering

Most people significantly underestimate their daily use of smart water. Real-time monitoring and an understanding of the patterns of water usage in smart cities will be possible thanks to the switch from conventional to smart metres. The consequences of budget allocation, administration, and water governance will be improve as a result. Cities like Chandigarh and Pune have switched to a smart meter-based approach to effectively manage water delivery. The Pune Municipal Corporation has installed 275,000 smart water metres during the last three years.

These metres will also make it possible for people to use water appropriately. They may receive rewards or punishments based on the sort of consumption. During droughts and other harsh weather situations, smart water metre data may be utilise to control water use for other activities like vehicle washing and gardening and restrict water use to necessities.


Smart City District Cooling

This is now a practical alternative method for cooling large rooms efficiently and sustainably. Smart water solutions, such as intelligent pumps with variable frequencies that can adapt to the liquid’s changing speed, flow, and temperatures, can make HVAC applications in smart cities simpler.

The first smart city in India to use district cooling was Rajkot’s GIFT city centre. This has allowed them to save a lot of water and electricity. Many other cities, like Thane and Amaravati, are making an effort to implement district cooling.



Integrated Water Sustainability Approach

An integrated strategy for environmentally responsible water and wastewater treatment may be use to create a framework for smart cities. It promotes improved water resource management for a range of applications. Furthermore, it builds a solid ecosystem that encourages stakeholder participation and supports public-private partnerships for water infrastructure projects in smart cities.





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