What Exactly Is A Kutcha House?

What Exactly Is A Kutcha House : The poor often choose kutcha or kachcha houses made of bamboo, mud, grass, reed, stones, thatch, straw, leaves, and unburnt bricks. This article will teach you more about the kacha house.


What exactly is a Kutcha house?

Kutcha or kachcha houses are houses with walls made of bamboo, mud, grass, reed, stones, thatch, straw, leaves, and unburnt bricks. These are not permanent structures or pucca houses, such as flats or buildings, or even semi-permanent structures. Kutcha houses, also known as temporary houses, are commonly seen in rural areas or cities where workers choose to live in makeshift housing. A pakka house is an expensive investment, which is why the poor prefer kutcha houses.

Are you looking flat for sale panvel?

Kutcha houses in India, according to the 2011 Census

According to the 2011 census, Goa had the highest percentage of ‘good’ houses or pucca houses (76%) and Odisha had the lowest percentage of these pucca houses (29.5%). However, dilapidated houses were include in the Census 2011 at a rate of 5.4%, which was the national average. West Bengal had the most dilapidated houses in 2011, while Goa had the fewest, with only 1.5%. Census 2011 also included pucca houses, semi-pucca houses, and kutcha houses, such as -hut. The last two categories, semi pucca house and kutcha house, accounted for 48% of the houses.

In 2011, however, there was a significant difference in housing stock between rural and urban areas. The difference was 33% in pucca houses, 20% in semi-pucca houses, 13% in kaccha houses, 7.8% in serviceable kaccha houses, and 5.2% in non-serviceable kaccha houses.


Kutcha house types

There are various types of kutcha houses depending on the materials used. However, they are examples of semi-pucca or kaccha houses, which are at risk of destruction due to floods, cyclones, earthquakes, and other natural disasters, as well as security threats due to crime.


Materials used in the Kutcha house

Here are some of the most commonly use materials for kutcha house construction:


  • untouched bricks
  • Bamboos
  • Mud
  • Grass
  • Reeds
  • Thatch
  • Stones that are loosely pack


Amenities at Kutcha House

Those who live in kacha houses frequently lack access to basic amenities such as clean water, 24 hour electricity, a bath/toilet facility at home, or even LPG/PNG in the kitchen.


Difference between kaccha house and pakka house

Kutcha house Pucca house
They are made of easily available kutcha house materials like mud, straw, stones or wood. Pucca house materials include iron, bricks, cement, steel, etc., to form a concrete structure.
Kacha house are own by the economically/financially handicappe sections. Pucca house owners are above the poverty line.
Kacha house are unstable structure, often run the risk of being damage by natural disasters or criminal actions. Meaning of Pucca house is that they are stable. Concrete Pucca house cannot be broken into easily.
Kuchcha house are often built as makeshift accommodations as compare to pakka house Permanent houses are counted as an investment.
Kuchcha house owners have very basic amenities Pukka house Owners/residents enjoy amenities as per their income standard.
In kuchcha house, room demarcations may or may not be present. Rooms are demarcated and there are dedicated bedrooms, hallways, living rooms, kitchens and baths, in such pukka house units.



Advantages of a Kutcha house

People in rural areas prefer kutcha houses, particularly those made of mud, because they provide several significant benefits.


Waterproof, strong, and long-lasting

If stabilised, mud-brick construction could be a long-lasting and sturdy option for the walls and flooring of Kutcha homes. Mud-brick construction is extremely durable and disaster-proof. Despite being subject to earthquakes and floods, this structure is expected to last for several decades. Even though the Kutcha huts are made of mud, they may be difficult to maintain during wet seasons.

These impediments can be overcome during the construction process. To prevent damage of any kind, a variety of stabilisers such as straw, grain fibre, agricultural runoff, and gypsum can be use. Because they are so well maintain, mud-brick houses never deteriorate.



Recycling has recently become the new catchphrase for achieving modern-day sustainable development. For centuries before modernisation, millions of people sought refuge in mud houses.

When the mud houses are demolish, they can be recycle or repurpose. The materials used to construct Kutcha homes are always recyclable, and the mud is simple to reintroduce into the environment. The environmentally friendly materials used to construct Kutcha homes can significantly reduce construction costs.


Carbon footprint

The cement industry accounts for approximately 8% of total global CO2 emissions. As cement evolved into a dependable replacement for mud in the twenty-first century, it quickly became the material of choice for many architects. Mud, on the other hand, has a low carbon footprint because it can be recycle and extracted from the ground.


Understand the terminology

Institutional family

An institutional household is a place where a group of unrelated people live in an institution and eat their meals from a common kitchen. Boarding houses, messes, hostels, hotels, rescue homes, jails, ashrams, orphanages, and other similar facilities are examples.


Families who are homeless

Households that do not live in buildings or census houses and instead live in the open on the roadside, pavements, in hume pipes, under fly-overs and staircases, or in places of worship, mandaps, railway platforms, and so on.

Caravans are houses on wheels or those that can be move from one location to another. Although they have all the amenities of a house, they are classified as kutcha houses due to their temporary nature.


Caravan characteristics


  • Movable houses: As the name implies, caravans are movable houses. Gypsies primarily use these kutcha houses to travel from one location to another.
  • Proper ventilation: Most caravans have numerous windows to allow for adequate ventilation.
  • Adequate internal and external storage: Because caravans are mobile kutcha houses, they have enough internal and external storage to accommodate the travellers’ essentials.


Houses on stilts

These are kutcha houses that are built on piles or stilts on the soil surface or on water bodies. They are primarily constructed of kutcha house materials such as bamboo and have slanted roofs to allow water to run off. These kutcha houses are common in flood-prone areas because they provide flood protection.


Stilt house characteristics

  • Built in flood-prone areas: The primary purpose of stilt houses is to protect the residents and the house from flooding. To avoid such natural disasters, kaccha houses are built on stilts.
  • Efficient drainage system: Another thing to keep in mind about kutcha houses and stilt houses is that they are often found in flood-prone areas.
  • Apart from being mounted on stilts, they have an excellent drainage system that allows excess water to be draine from the interior of the house.


Houses on their own

One with its own structure and entrance, as well as self-contained arrangements such as living rooms, kitchens, bathrooms, latrines, storerooms, and verandas (open or close). These pucca houses are made of sturdy materials that increase the structure’s durability. They cannot be move from one location to another and must remain in one location. Iron, cement, and bricks are among the ten materials use in the construction of a pucca house.


Pucca houses

A pucca house has walls and a roof made of burnt bricks, stones (packed with lime or cement), cement concrete, timber, and other materials, and the roof material can be tiles, GCI (galvanised corrugated iron) sheets, asbestos cement sheet, RBC (reinforced brick concrete), RCC (reinforced cement concrete), and timber, among other things.


Semi-pucca residence

A structure with fixed walls made of pucca material but a roof made of a material other than that used for pucca houses. The roofs of semi pucca houses are typically made of hay, while the exterior walls are made of concrete. As a result, these houses are more powerful than kutcha houses but less powerful than pucca houses. These houses also have more amenities than kutcha houses. Semi-pucca houses, on the other hand, have fewer amenities and features than pucca houses.



Flats A section of a building with one or more rooms, self-containe arrangements, and standard housing facilities such as water supply, latrine, toilet, and so on, which are use solely by the family residing therein or in collaboration with other families. A flat accommodates multiple people in the same tower but in different accommodations. As a result, while individuals have their own rooms, kitchens, and bathrooms as a distinct unit, they also share common passages with other tower residents.


What Exactly Is A Kutcha House : Slums

Slums are areas with at least 300 people or approximately 60-70 households of poorly built congested tenements, typically with inadequate infrastructure and a lack of proper sanitary and drinking water facilities.


What Exactly Is A Kutcha House : Igloo

These structures are also referre to as snow houses or snow huts. Igloos can be found in Greenland and Canada’s Arctic region. Eskimos are people who live in igloos. Igloos are constructed from snow and ice blocks. They are warm on the inside despite being made of ice.


What Exactly Is A Kutcha House : Houseboats

Houseboats can be found in India on the Dal Lake in Kashmir and in Kerala. These boats have all of the amenities of a house but can sail from one location to another. These are primarily use as tourist attractions, but they are also occasionally inhabited by locals.


What Exactly Is A Kutcha House : Prefabricated houses

Prefabricated homes are specialise types of buildings that are built off-site in advance, typically in standard sections that can be easily shippe and assemble.


What Exactly Is A Kutcha House : Benefits of a Kutcha house

Kutcha houses, particularly those made of mud, have several significant advantages and are thus preferre by people living in rural areas.

  • Cost-effective: Building pucca houses or even semi-pucca houses would necessitate more resources, which most people cannot afford. Repairing kutcha houses is also less expensive than repairing pucca houses, making it more affordable.
  • Insulation: Because of the raw materials used, kutcha houses provide thermal insulation. As a result, they keep the interiors warm during the cold winters, allowing people to avoid installing heaters.
  • Kutcha houses are eco-friendly and biodegradable because they are made of natural materials such as clay, hay, and other items. They do not pollute because they do not use artificial items such as plastics, chemical paints, and so on.


Disadvantages of a Kutcha house

Unstable: Kacha houses are more unstable than pucca houses or even semi-pucca houses and can be easily broken or damage by floods, storms, or other natural disasters.

Non-durable materials: Kutcha houses require frequent repairs because they are made of materials that wear off quickly. For example, kacha house residents may need to replace thatched roofs or repair other parts of the house that wear out quickly.





You’re looking for Buy Home In Navi Mumbai we have the Best Buy Properties In Navi Mumbai Like Ready to Move & Nearby possession: https://navimumbaihouses.com/property/search/buy/navi-mumbai-all/


If you want daily property update details please follow us on Facebook Page / YouTube Channel / Twitter

Disclaimer: The views of this expressed above are for informational purposes only based on the industry reports & related news stories. Navimumbaihouses.com does not guarantee the accuracy of this article, completeness, or reliability of the information & shall not be held responsible for any action taken based on the published information.
Back to top
Also Read

Related Posts

Buy Properties in Navimumbai