What Is The Distinction Between Fertiliser & manure?
Continue reading to learn the distinction between manure and fertiliser. Check out this guide to the various types of fertiliser and manure, as well as their benefits.
Farmers work hard to improve soil fertility in order to increase crop yield. This is accomplished by incorporating manure and fertiliser into the soil. When we talk about manure, we’re referring to the organic matter formed by the decomposition of plant and animal waste, such as cow dung. Fertilizer, on the other hand, is a type of chemical that can be applied to the soil to increase its nutrient content. If you want to farm, you should understand how to improve soil fertility.
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What exactly is manure?
Manure is a naturally occurring material formed by the decomposition of crop residue or animal faeces. Manure is created by farmers dumping animal and plant waste into open pits where microorganisms decompose it. Organic manure is the material obtained after decomposing in this manner. Despite the abundance of organic matter, plant nutrients are scarce.
Manure is thought to be particularly beneficial for increasing soil fertility because it improves soil texture, increases the number of beneficial bacteria, and improves the soil’s ability to hold water. Furthermore, manure makes soil porous, allowing for gas exchange.
What exactly is a fertiliser?
A fertiliser, as the name implies, is a natural or artificial material rich in plant nutrients that are essential for plant health, growth, and productivity. It is applied to the soil to increase the yield of crops such as wheat, maize, and paddy.
Fertilisers are classified into two types: organic and synthetic. Organic fertilisers are made from natural elements such as peat moss, bone, seaweed, and composted plant matter. Inorganic fertilisers, also known as synthetic fertilisers, are made of industrially produced compounds that dissolve easily in water and are immediately absorbed by plants after being introduced to the soil.
Green manure increases the proportion of organic matter in the soil. These manures have deep roots that penetrate the soil. These aid in weed control and the prevention of soil erosion.
Farmyard manure is used in farming as a natural fertiliser and to strengthen the soil’s structure. Because of this increase in capacity, the soil can hold more water and nutrients. It also increases microbial activity in the soil, which benefits mineral supply and plant nutrition.
It improves the soil’s ability to retain water and nutrients. As a result, it increases nutrient content, which improves plant health.
- They are an excellent source of macronutrients.
- Increase the fertility of the soil.
- Reduces soil erosion and leaching.
- Increases the physical qualities of the soil and aerates it.
- It improves the soil’s ability to retain water and nutrients.
- Manure generates methane gas as a byproduct, which can be used for heating and cooking.
- Manure-treated soil promotes the growth of healthy crops.
Fertiliser & manure : Fertilizer types
Fertilizer that is organic
Organic fertilisers are natural fertilisers made from plants and animals. It improves soil quality by introducing carbonic molecules required for plant growth. Organic fertilisers can change the physical and chemical makeup of the soil in addition to increasing the amount of organic matter in the soil and promoting microbial growth.
Organic fertilisers can be found in the following products:
- Agricultural animal waste Municipal sludge
- Waste from industry
- Agricultural manure
- Fertilizer that is inorganic
Fertiliser & manure: Inorganic fertiliser
Inorganic fertilisers are those that are made chemically and contain nutrients for crop growth. There are several types of inorganic fertilisers available:
Fertiliser & manure: Nitrogen-based fertilisers
Nitrogen in nitrogen fertilisers is essential for crop growth. Nitrogen, a necessary component of chlorophyll, contributes to the process’s balance during photosynthesis. It is made up of protein and is an amino acid found in plants. Nitrogen-containing fertilisers increase both the quantity and quality of agricultural production.
Fertiliser & manure: Phosphorus fertiliser
The main nutrient in these fertilisers is phosphorus. The effectiveness of a fertiliser is determined by its phosphorus content, fertilisation methods, soil properties, and crop strains. Phosphorus, which is found in the cell’s protoplasm, is an essential component of cell growth and proliferation. The phosphorus fertiliser promotes the growth of plant roots.
Fertiliser & manure : Fertilizer Advantages
The following are some of the advantages of fertilisers:
- Easy to use, store, and transport
- Because of its nutrient-specificity, we can select a specific fertiliser to supply a specific nutrient.
- It disintegrates easily in soil and is water soluble. Plants may be able to absorb them quickly as a result.
- They have an immediate impact on the crops.
- Increase crop production to feed the world’s growing population.
There is a significant distinction between manure and fertiliser.
Soil is the foundation for healthy crop development and output. It provides the essential nutrients and minerals required for crop development. Manure and fertilisers can be used to replenish the soil’s lost nutrients.
Farmers use a variety of manures and fertilisers to increase crop development and output while maintaining crop health. Fertilisers are synthetic chemical compounds manufactured in factories, and their overuse can harm crop development, degrade soil quality, and even deplete soil nutrients.
As a result, farmers must apply fertiliser in the most efficient manner possible. The use of manure, an organic material rich in nutrients that is both inexpensive and efficient, was one of the first methods of keeping the soil in good condition.
The following distinctions can be made between fertiliser and manure:
- Manure can be defined as an organic material produced by the decomposition of animal waste or crop residue in order to increase soil fertility. A fertiliser, on the other hand, is a substance (organic or inorganic) that is added to the soil to increase crop yield.
- Animal and plant waste are dumped in the field in open pits to decompose before being use as manure. Fertilisers, on the other hand, are manufactured in factories through a chemical process.
- As decomposed plant and animal waste is converted into manure, humus is added to the soil, improving the soil’s ability to retain water. Fertilizer, on the other hand, does not provide humus to the soil.
- Manure does not contain as many plant nutrients as fertilisers, which are much more plentiful.
- Because manure is insoluble in water, it is slowly absorbe by the soil. Fertilisers, on the other hand, readily dissolve in water and are thus absorb by plants.
- Manure is less expensive because it can be made by farmers themselves, whereas fertilisers are more expensive because they are manufacture using chemicals in factories.
- Manure has no negative effects on the soil and, in fact, improves its quality over time. Excessive fertiliser application, on the other hand, can harm soil organisms and reduce the soil’s ability to hold water.
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