What You Need To Know About Coparcener

Coparcener is a term use to describe a ‘Joint Heir’ in a Hindu undivided family (HUF) who shares legal rights to inherit property, title, and money as defined by Hindu Succession Laws. In other words, this person has the right to demand that the property be divide. Notably, all HUF members are coparceners, but none of them may be coparceners. Even after marriage, a daughter remains a coparcener, and her children inherit her share after her death.

According to the Hindu Succession Act of 1956, every individual born into a Hindu Undivided Family (HUF) is eligible to be a coparcener by birth. Sons and daughters are both considere coparceners, with equal legal rights and liabilities over their ancestral property. Everything you need to know about Coparcener is right here:


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In Hindu law, who is a coparcener?

An individual born into a Hindu Undivided Family (HUF) has a legal right to his ancestral property, according to the Hindu Succession Act of 1956. As a result, by birth, he is a coparcener (joint-heir). A HUF is a legal entity in which the eldest person in the family and his three generations remain undivided, and all family members are coparceners with a legal right to the ancestral property by birth. However, as new members of the family join the family, their share of the property changes. Similarly, the share increases upon death.


According to Hindu law, who can be a coparcener?


A coparcener can be any of the individuals born in a joint family:

  • Males born in the same family
  • Sons, grandchildren, and great-grandchildren
  • Daughters who are unmarried
  • Everyone in the family descended from a common ancestor.
  • Male members’ wives
  • Daughters who are married (can be a coparcener but not a member of HUF)



What exactly is coparcenary property?

According to the Hindu Succession Act, the ancestral property of a HUF is a coparcenary property that is share by the coparceners or joint-heirs. Despite the fact that the Act grants power to the Karta (head of the undivided family), rights to ancestral property (coparcenary property) are share by the coparceners.


What are the rights and responsibilities of HUF coparceners?

Communal ownership and interest

Under no circumstances does a coparcener have an individual right to the ancestral property. When it comes to their legal rights over coparcenary property, HUF members are united.


Coparcener proportion

The share of the coparceners is determin by survivorship in the Mitakshara system. This share increases when a person dies in HUF and decreases when a family member is added. The share is define whenever the property is partitioned.


Right to co-ownership

Every member of the HUF has the right to enjoy the coparcenary property and to possess it.


Maintenance rights

A coparcener is entitle to maintenance of the coparcenary property from the family estate. The coparcener receives money from the property to support his wife and children, or in the case of a marriage ceremony, the same children.



preventing unauthorised use

According to Hindu Law, if a coparcener misuses the coparcenary property, the other coparceners can restrain him from using it further or have legal rights to it.


The right to partition

Every coparcener, young or old, has the right to demand the division of the family property. In this case, too, he cannot demand a specific share because it is fix following the partition.


The right to be alienated

Only the Karta has the authority to alienate joint family property. This is also done only when there is a legal requirement, for the benefit of the estate, or when there is an unavoidable duty that must be met.


Management authority

Although the Karta has authority over the ancestral property, this does not imply that he has the ability to influence the interest or share of the property among the coparceners.



Is it possible for a woman to become a coparcener?

A woman was not considere a coparcener prior to the amendment of the Hindu Succession Act in 1956. As a result, after marriage, they had no claim to their ancestral property. Women are now coparceners, thanks to a recent change in the succession law. Males and females have the same property rights and liabilities. Even after marriage, a daughter is a coparcenary. Her children inherit the coparcenary status after her death.


Recent changes to the role of a coparcener

Women had no right to their ancestral property under the Hindu Succession Act of 1956. An unmarried woman was a family member until she married, but she was never a coparcener. The Supreme Court of India amended the Hindu Succession Law in 2005, giving daughters equal rights to their ancestral property. According to the ruling, a daughter is also a coparcener by birth and will remain so even after marriage or the death of her father.






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