Dedicated Freight Corridor: What Is It?

A high-capacity rail route known as a dedicated freight corridor (DFC) is designed solely for the delivery of products and commodities. DFC guarantees quicker transit, lower logistical costs, improved energy efficiency, and environmentally friendly operations through the seamless integration of top-notch technologies.

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The movement of freight is very important to the Indian economy. The government has chosen to implement cutting-edge technology and upgrade the railway infrastructure through Dedicated Freight Corridors in light of the railway industry’s enormous contribution of 67 percent to total income (DFC). The DFC project has been hail as a game-changer for the transportation of freight. The change will lower overall costs by improving freight capacity in addition to modernizing the train infrastructure.


What exactly is a Dedicated Freight Corridor?

By definition, a Dedicated Freight Corridor (DFC) is a section of high-capacity,. High-speed rail that is only use for moving freight. It is design to support a higher throughput per train as well as a bigger market share for freight. In addition to providing a top-notch infrastructure, DFC guarantees:

  • Reduced unit logistic cost
  • Employment generation
  • Environment-friendly operations
  • Faster transit
  • High energy efficiency
  • Real estate expansion


The requirement for DFC in India

The Indian Railways Statistical Publications 2021–22 state that freight accounts for the largest revenue portion at 76%. The upgrading of the rail system was therefore long overdue.

In addition, Indian Railways has lost market share in the freight sector as a result of congestion caused by the saturation of existing railway lines. The freight market share fell to less than 40% in 2017 from the earlier 90% in 1950. As a result, there is a need for extremely effective and amplified design characteristics that will allow railways to relieve the strain on current rail lines and guarantee more rapid, efficient, and affordable freight transit.

As a result, the government has announced two DFCs: the Eastern Dedicated Freight Corridor as well as the Western Freight Corridor. Both the Eastern DFC connecting Punjab & West Bengal and the Western DFC connecting Haryana & Maharashtra are currently being built. The Western & Eastern DFCs have a total length of about 2,843 km. There are four DFCs being planned in total: a North-South DFC (Delhi-Tamil Nadu), an East-West DFC (West Bengal-Maharashtra), an East-South DFC (West Bengal-Andhra Pradesh), and a South-South DFC (Tamil Nadu-Goa).


Dedicated Eastern Freight Corridor

Beginning in Dankuni, West Bengal, and the Eastern Dedicated Freight Corridor travels through the States of Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, and Haryana until coming to an end at Ludhiana, Punjab. There will be two electrified tracts over its 1,875 kilometre length. Due to a paucity of available land for the development, the 400 km track connecting Ludhiana and Khurja will only have one electrified line.


Dedicated Western Freight Corridor

Dadri in the National Capital Region (NCR) is connect to Jawaharlal Nehru Port (JNPT) in Mumbai through the Western Dedicated Freight Corridor. Uttar Pradesh, Delhi NCR, Haryana, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, and Gujarat are the six States that it will cross. There will be a 1,504 kilometre rail section. It’s expect that the government would break the news down into pieces. The first section to be built is 190 km between Dadri (UP) and Phulera (Rajasthan).


DFC’s effect on real estate

DFCs are probably going to promote TOD and have a major impact on the real estate market. Especially in the commercial, warehouse, and logistics sectors. Industrial zones, investment districts, and logistic parks will be made possible by the expansion. This will increase the need for cheap homes nearby and generate a large number of job possibilities. Of the 2,843 km for both corridors that have been propose, 1,010 km have been complete by the Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of India (DFCC). Overall, the successful completion of both of the planned DFCs will have a profound impact on the real estate market. In addition to being a game-changer for the railway industry. The corridor’s Greenfield cities will probably see infrastructure growth and real estate development.


DFC: The most recent information and status

Both the Western Dedicated Freight Corridor and the Eastern Dedicated Freight Corridor, which will move 70% of India’s goods trains to these two corridors by September 2022 and from Dadri in Uttar Pradesh to JNPT in Mumbai & Dankuni in West Bengal, respectively, respectively, respectively, will relieve the railway network of congestion. As of July 2020, 60% of the eastern portion and 56% of the western portion of the require land have already been obtain.



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