PPF (Public Provident Fund): Everything You Need To Know
PPF, or Public Provident Fund, is one of the most widely used mechanisms in India for channelling savings into investments. PPF, which was established in 1968, is one of the safest ways to receive tax-free interest on your assets. The finance ministry agreed to set the PPF interest rate at 7.10 percent in a circular released in February 2022. Any sum in your PPF account that is not susceptible to attachment under any court order or judgement is not subject to attachment.
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Public Provident Fund: PPF account: Must-know facts
Minimum investment amount
Maximum investment amount
Rs 1.50 lakh per year
Up to 15 years
Of up to Rs 1.50 lakhs under Section 80C
What is a PPF account, and how does it work?
Public Provident Fund: PPF is a government-led investment option that allows consumers to receive tax-free interest on their savings while also receiving a guaranteed income. It is a long-term saving programme designed for users with a low-risk appetite. On the amount placed in your PPF account, you can also claim tax deductions under Section 80C.
It’s vital to keep in mind that a PPF account may only be created for one person, not as a joint account. You can, however, make a nominee for the account.
What is the procedure for opening a PPF account?
PPF accounts are available from both public and private banks. A PPF account can also be opened at the post office. To open a PPF account, you’ll need the following documents. You will be required to submit the following papers in order to create a PPF account:
- Photos that fit in a passport
- Proof of your identity
- Proof of address
- Aadhaar card is a unique identification number issued by the government of India.
- Proof of income
- Details about the nominee
- Fee that is due
Interest rate on a PPF
The current interest rate on PPFs is 7.10 percent, compounded yearly, thanks to the government’s decision to keep it the same in 2022. PPF interest is paid to all account holders on March 31 of each year, as determined by the Finance Ministry from time to time.
Tenure of the PPF
The PPF has a minimum term of 15 years. This timeframe can be extended in five-year increments. However, given the current rate of return, your PPF account may be kept indefinitely without further deposits after maturity.
Maximum PPF contribution
In a calendar year, you can deposit a minimum of Rs 500 and a maximum of Rs 1.50 lakh into your PPF account. If you deposit more than the maximum amount, you will not get interest or be eligible for tax deductions on the additional amount.
Instalments of the PPF
Your PPF donation can be made all at once or in up to 12 instalments. For the whole 15-year term, you must make a deposit in your PPF account at least once a year.
PPF’s initial balance
With a Rs 500 initial amount, a PPF account may be opened. You can then deposit any amount in multiples of Rs 50.
Method of putting money into the PPF
You can deposit money into your PPF account using cash, a check, or a demand draught. You can also make a deposit using online services like net banking and UPI, or give the bank an auto-debit mandate.
Nominee for the PPF
A person must be nominated by the PPF account holder either when the account is opened or subsequently. In the event that the original holder passes away, the monies might be claimed by this nominee. In the event that the original account holder becomes incompetent, the nominee can run the account with permission from the account holder.
Eligibility for the PPF
To open a PPF account in India, you must be a resident of the country. NRIs and Hindu Undivided Families are thus unable to register a PPF account. Unless the secondary account user is a minor, a PPF account cannot be jointly owned.
Public Provident Fund: Maturity of PPF
Your PPF account matures once 15 full financial years have passed from the end of the year in which it was started.
Public Provident Fund: Withdrawal from the PPF
By submitting Form C to the post office or bank at the time of maturity, one can withdraw the whole sum and end the PPF account. If you don’t want to take your money out when it matures, you can withdraw a certain amount once a year.
Public Provident Fund: Public Provident Fund: PPF withdrawal in part
After six years of consistent contributions, you can take cash from your account. However, you can only take 50% of your PPF account value at the end of the fourth financial year, or 50% of your PPF account balance at the end of the preceding year, whichever is smaller. You must use Form-C to request a withdrawal. Such withdrawals are only allowed once every fiscal year.
Public Provident Fund: PPF account prematurely closed
A PPF account cannot be closed before the conclusion of the five-year period following the year in which it was started. You can pre-close your PPF account after this term if you meet the following criteria:
If your residence status has changed: You can pre-close your PPF account by producing documentation proof of your move if you are relocating overseas.
If you are going overseas for higher education: If you are going abroad for higher education, you can cancel your PPF account early by submitting documentation confirmation.
Treatment of life-threatening diseases: The account holder, his spouse, his dependent children, or his parents can shut the account early if they need to be treated for a life-threatening sickness. All supporting documentation must be submitted by the holder.
Public Provident Fund: Exemption from PPF taxes
By investing in a PPF, you may make up to Rs 1.50 lakhs tax-free from your earnings. This deduction is available under Section 80C of the Internal Revenue Code. Among India’s middle-class income taxpayers, this investment remains the most popular tax-saving strategy.
Loan secured by a PPF
Between the third and sixth years, an account holder can ask for a loan against the PPF. In this situation, the loan amount should not exceed 25% of the existing balance. This loan must be paid back within 36 months. Once the first loan has been fully return, a second loan can be request for in the sixth year.
How do I check the amount of my PPF account online?
Open the net banking interface of the bank where your PPF account was establish. To view your PPF balance and other data, click on your PPF account number.
When is the best time to put money into a PPF account?
There are no deadlines for depositing funds into your PPF account. It is, nevertheless, advised to deposit the funds between April 1 and April 5 of each fiscal year. You can also earn money by making monthly payments on the fifth day of each month.
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