Real Estate Property Taxes (GST)

GST is one of the several taxes that buyers must pay when purchasing a real estate property. The real estate GST rate was introduced four years ago on July 1, 2017, and much has changed since then.

Real Estate Property Taxes (GST)

Previously, while purchasing an under-construction regime, the buyer had to pay service tax, VAT, stamp duty, and registration fees. Property acquisitions were also free from service tax and VAT after completion. A buyer just had to pay stamp duty and registration fees for a complete property.

India’s real estate industry contributes roughly 7.8% of the country’s GDP. After the information technology business, real estate is the second largest employer. The real estate industry’s issues will be mitigated by the implementation of this new GST.

It will assist the industry in overcoming the long-term upheaval it has been experiencing. In this article, we’ll look at the different parts of GST and how it will affect real estate in 2021.


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What effect does the GST have on real estate buyers?

Previously, while purchasing buildings under construction, a buyer had to pay service tax, VAT, stamp duty, and registration fees. Furthermore, different states have varied property prices.

Stamp duty and registration fees have also become governmental levies since the introduction of VAT. Furthermore, other charges, such as CST (sales tax), customs duty, and OCTROI, were to be paid by the customers, for which no credit was allowed.

Following the implementation of the GST rate on real estate, all under-construction properties are subject to a single tax rate of 12 percent. The former law, on the other hand, exempted all full properties from GST. It resulted in buyers benefiting more from the GST on real estate 2021 because the cost was reduced.


What influence has GST had on builders, contractors, and developers?

Previously, a contractor or developer was required to pay numerous costs for inputs/raw materials, such as VAT, Excise duty, Customs duty, and Entry taxes. They must also pay service taxes on a variety of input services, such as professional architect costs, approval fees, labor charges, and legal expenses, among others. ITC was prone to be a burden on the customer by changing pricing because it was not applicable for Customs tax, CST, or Entry Tax.


What effect would the GST rate have on real estate stakeholders?

The decrease or increase of this Goods and Service Tax affects a variety of other real estate-related services.

Cement, for example, previously had a tax rate of 27-31 percent, which has now been reduced to 18 percent under the new tax structure. As a result of the GST’s impact on real estate, an increase in cement prices will raise overall building costs.

Real Estate Property Taxes (GST)

The Reverse Charge Mechanism’s Impact

RCM is most commonly associated with Service Tax legislation. With GSP, the scope of RCM has expanded significantly. Here are a few examples of this:

To begin, if products are purchased in whole or relevant services are received from someone who is not a GST registered figure, a GST registered person must make the requisite GST payments to remain compliant.

If services were provided by a goods carrier, law firms of individual donors, or any government or municipal agency, the developer will be responsible for paying the GST on real estate.

These occurrences may result in higher costs and have a detrimental influence on developers, particularly small-scale developers.


Eligibility factors for the Input Tax Credit

To be eligible for ITC, you must meet a few requirements. They are as follows:

– The presence of a tax invoice or a debit note is required.

– The items or services are delivered to the customer (whichever is applicable)

– The provider is responsible for paying the applicable tax to the government.

– A legitimate return has been submitted.

– The goods and services are not to be used for personal gain.

Input Tax Credit is not available on supplies received for constructing (including any type of reconstruction, renovation, extensions, alterations, or repairs) any immovable property on a personal account, with the exception of plant and machinery. The cost of changing the interiors of a service apartment, for example, could be deemed a cost of a service apartment, and the ITC might not apply.


Construction Materials and the Impact of the GST on Real Estate

On building flats, the previous tax rate of 5.5 percent would climb to 12 percent, potentially resulting in a substantially higher overall burden. The promoters, on the other hand, will undoubtedly benefit from ITC.

Furthermore, with GST in effect, all other taxes, such as VAT, Service Tax, Excise Duty, and Entry Tax, will be rendered obsolete. As a result, the developers’ overall administrative costs would be considerably lowered. The application of stamp duty on the sale of Flats and other comparable units is a significant consideration in this context.

Cement, wallpaper, paints and varnishes, putty, wall fittings, plaster, ceramic tiles, sand-lime, and fly ash bricks would all be subject to GST rates ranging from 18 to 28 percent. Monuments, stones, glass, aluminum, ceramic, lighting, and fittings, as well as other significant materials for luxury and commercial projects, will be offered in the same bracket. If the input set-off is not used effectively, this could result in a cost increase.


Concerns about continuing projects:

There are concerns about transition provision in the context of ongoing initiatives.

It’s possible that all of the VAT has been paid, but only a portion of the Service Tax has still to be paid. As a result, the proportion of GST that must be paid in such a case may be a point of contention. Section 42(11) of the CGST Act/SGST Act will be useful in such situations.

The Transfer Process of Development Rights / FSI Builders who use FSIs/TDRs are dealing with land rights. Except for the sale of land, all immovable properties are not exempt from the scope of GST, according to Schedule III of the CGST Act/SGST Act. As a result, such transactions for selling FSIs/TDRs could potentially fall inside the GST scope. However, there is a possibility that FSIs/TDRs will be considered part of the land and so be exempt from the GST. These items must, however, be considered on a case-by-case basis.

There are also major issues such as Intellectual Property Rights, Stock Transfer issues, Barter transactions, Anti-profiteering, and so on. Given the CGST/SGST Act, there is explicit clarification in this area.

So, now that you’ve gone over all of the data, you should have a good knowledge of the GST on real estate. Under-construction properties are subject to a single rate of 12% GST, whilst completed and ready-to-sale homes are exempt from the tax.

To summarise, the impact of the GST on real estate will be very similar to what we saw with the former taxing system. The adoption of GST, on the other hand, will bring greater openness and accountability to the system. More crucially, many absorbed taxes will benefit buyers more through GST.



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Disclaimer: The views of this expressed above are for informational purposes only based on the industry reports & related news stories. does not guarantee the accuracy of this article, completeness, or reliability of the information & shall not be held responsible for any action taken based on the published information.
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