Vine plant and its different types
Any plant with runners, lianas, or trailing or scandent (climbing) stems is considered a vine. The term “vine” can also refer to the actual stems or runners when used in wickercraft.
The name “vine” only applies to grapevines (Vitis) in select regions of the world, most notably the British Isles, but the term “climber” applies to all climbing plants.
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Types of growth in a vine
A vine grows in a manner based on extremely long stems. This accomplishes two goals. A vine may take advantage of rock exposures, other plants, or other supports for development instead of putting a lot of energy into a lot of supporting tissue, enabling the plant to access sunlight with a little energy input.
Japanese honeysuckle and kudzu, two invasive foreign plants that are present in some regions of North America, have flourished in this setting. Some vines in the tropics develop skototropism, also known as negative phototropism, and move away from the light. Until it reaches a tree trunk, the vine grows away from the light before climbing up the trunk to reach areas that are brighter.
Even though they can’t climb very high, plants may be able to quickly colonise vast areas thanks to the vine growth type. Examples of this include ground ivy and periwinkle. It also helps people adapt to living in locations with little to no soil but close to sunny, exposed areas with small pockets of fertile soil.
A vine can take root in the ground while growing most of its leaves in a brighter, more exposed location, giving it the best of both worlds.
A twining vine, also known as a bine, climbs by its shoots growing in a helix, as opposed to vines that use tendrils or suckers. Many bines feature bristles that tip downward to improve grip. A bine is something that is useful commercially, like hops, which are used to flavour beer.
The direction of the shoot tip’s rotation during climbing is independent of the side of the equator the plant is growing on and does not (as is frequently claimed) result from the shoot following the sun around the sky.
The fact that some bines, like runner bean (Phaseolus coccineus) and bindweed (Convolvulus species), always twine clockwise, while others, like French bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) and climbing honeysuckles, always twine counterclockwise, serves as evidence for this. The satirical song “Misalliance” by Michael Flanders and Donald Swann was inspired by the diametrically opposed rotations of bindweed and honeysuckle.
Vine plants are horticultural climbing plants.
Trellis netting is used in industrial agriculture to enhance the coiling tendrils’ innate propensity to cling to espaliers or other pre-existing structures. Botanists use the term “vine” to describe creeping vines as well as members of the Cucurbitaceae family, including cucumbers.
The tendency of climbing plants to grow quickly can be used by gardeners. If needed, a climber can swiftly assemble a plant display. It is possible to train climbers to scale walls, pergolas, fences, and other objects. To add interest, climbers can be grown on top of other plants. Additionally, artificial aid is available. Some climbers can do it on their own, while others need help, such as being tied in and given instructions.
Vine plants: a scientific analysis
Vines come in a vast range of sizes, shapes, and evolutionary origins. Darwin categorised various climbing groups according to how they made ascents. Using five categories—twining plants, tendril bearers, root climbers, hook climbers, and leaf climbers—he divided vines into these subcategories.
Vines stand out because of their diverse evolutionary histories. They live mostly in tropical areas and are climbable. The incredible phenotypic adaptability of vines enables them to flourish in both intense light and darkness. This rising action keeps the vine out of the path of herbivorous animals and keeps it from being shadowed by surrounding trees. A vine’s capacity for climbing and the distance it can span across supports affect the conditions in which it can thrive.
types of vine plants
The Bougainvillea plant:
The bougainvillaea is the first plant genus that comes to mind when we discuss climbers. With its lavish clusters of vividly coloured, flower-like bracts, it is a low-maintenance vine that is simple to recognise (specialised leaves). Genuine, little white blossoms are located inside.
Upon closer study, one becomes aware of its extremely thorny branches. An attractive splash of colour is added by the bracts, which on a healthy bougainvillaea might be magenta, pink, red, orange, yellow, or white. One of the bougainvillaea species, B. glabra, sometimes known as the paper flower, is highly widespread in India.
Light: At least 6 to 8 hours a day of sunlight
Water: Every three or four weeks, deep watering is recommended.
Mature Size: When fully grown, the plant can reach heights of 40 feet and a width of 40 feet.
Toxicity: The bougainvillaea plant’s sap is only mildly poisonous.
Ipomoea indica, or blue morning glory:
This evergreen vine boasts gorgeous blue-purple trumpet-shaped flowers, velvety dark-green heart-shaped leaves, and a slender twining stem. It is also known as blue dawn flower or koali awa. It produces exquisite fresh blossoms every day in the late spring, summer, and fall.
Light: 6 to 8 hours of daily sunlight
Water: Regular water consumption
Mature Size: When fully grown, the plant can reach heights of 2–3 metres.
Toxicity: Harmful to animals
Devil’s ivy (Epipremnum aureum):
Epipremnum aureum, often known as devil’s ivy, is also known as the money plant and golden pothos in India. This evergreen climber vine’s heart-shaped leaves with yellow or white speckles are its most distinctive characteristic. It is a low-maintenance plant that grows quickly.
Light: Luminous indirect light
Water: Whenever the soil gets dry, add water.
Vine length at maturity: up to 40 feet.
Toxicity: Harmful to animals
Trachelospermum jasminoides, or star jasmine:
The fragrant star jasmine or confederate jasmine is not a true jasmine, despite being an evergreen climber. It has glossy green foliage and white blossoms on woody stems. The late spring and summer months are when the five-petaled blooms are most abundantly in bloom.
Light: both full sun and some shade
Water: One glass of water every week.
Mature Size: When fully grown, the plant can reach heights of 3-6 feet and widths of 3-6 feet.
The Bengal clock vine, Thunbergia grandiflora:
is a perennial that bears magnificent blue trumpet-shaped blooms in protracted clusters. Bengal trumpet, the odd name of this native Indian plant, also relates to its rope-like stems, which only twine in the clockwise orientation.
Light: both full sun and some shade
Water: Deeply hydrate every 10 to 14 days.
Mature Size: At maturity, the plant can reach a height of 20 metres.
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