Garden design ideas for terrace

Building a terrace garden can benefit the environment by lowering carbon emissions and increasing vegetation in urban areas.

Due to space limits, terrace gardening is a trendy trend in metropolitan areas. Terrace gardens can allow individuals enjoy the outdoors while also cultivating vegetables, flowers, and fruits. On the roof of any industrial, commercial, or residential building, a terrace garden can be created.

Garden design ideas for terraces

Terrace gardening’s advantages

Gardening is a great way to unwind, relieve metal fatigue, and reduce tension. Building a terrace garden benefits the environment by lowering carbon emissions and increasing vegetation in urban areas.

“Today, people are drawn to the idea of terrace gardens / food farms because they help to preserve local green spaces, allow people to recycle organic waste, grow organic products, vegetables, and fruits for self-consumption, and help to restore the lost diversity of butterflies, birds, and bees. the founder of Mumbai-based Urban Leaves, adds, “It also becomes a hands-on environmental learning ground for urban children and adults.”

Terrace garden design entails more than just the aesthetics and layout of the space. There are a number of other factors to consider as well. So, here are a few terrace garden ideas to think about.


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Garden terrace flooring

Consider the civil circumstances (load/weight-bearing capability), slab waterproofing, and the structure of the building while creating a terrace garden.

“The terrace garden roof floor should have a slope that leads to suitable drainage outlets. The type of floor tiles installed has a big impact on keeping the space clean and skid-proof, especially during the rain. Windbreakers may be required in high-rises near the sea to protect the house terrace garden from strong winds, especially the smaller plants. To keep the garden materials/tools safe and secure, a modest, shaded and protected location might be used,”


Water and drainage systems for terrace gardens

To avoid leaks, it’s a good idea to waterproof the terrace surface. A well functioning drainage system is required. If the water is not adequately drained, it will stagnate and cause damage to the structure. Ascertain if the slope is correct. Dried leaves can clog drains in locations where it is windy and rains heavily. As a result, adequate maintenance is essential. A watering system should be designed to reach all sections of the terrace in order to effectively water the terrace garden plants.


Design and layout of a terrace garden

Choose a layout for the terrace garden based on the available area, and then choose the plants for the terrace garden. Some plants require more light than others. Attempt to comprehend the plant’s requirements before finalising the layout. Fruits, vegetables, herbs, and flowers can be grown on the top roof garden depending on space and sunshine availability. Always choose a variety of plant types. The terrace garden layout can be planned based on the amount of space available for plants, the colour of the plants and pots, the style of flooring, furniture, canopy, grass lawn, meditation nook, lights, and other décor elements.


For a terrace garden, use raised beds or containers.

One must choose which containers to employ based on the civil circumstances and load-bearing capabilities. Brick beds can be fruitful when terraces have good waterproofing and load-bearing ability. When laying out brick beds, make sure they don’t hinder rainwater flow and allow for proper drainage. Smaller containers, such as drums or beds on supports, can be utilised for terraces with insufficient load-bearing capability.

Terrace gardening advantages

Terrace gardening plants

Flowers in the yard on the terrace

Hibiscus, frangipani, marigold, periwinkle, rose, and other flowers can be grown in the terrace garden to provide a colourful dimension to the scenery. Flowers can be grown in garden boxes and hung along the rails if there isn’t enough space on the patio.


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Terrace vegetable gardening

Sun-drenched terraces are perfect for growing culinary plants. Plants that enhance immunity, such as aloe vera, ginger, and tulsi, can be grown now that people are more concerned about their health and wellness.

“Almost anything, including mango, papaya, pomegranate, betel nut, cotton, and rice, may be grown on a terrace. Beginners, on the other hand, should make a list of what they need or use frequently in their kitchen before choosing plants to grow on the terrace. So aim for easy-to-grow plants like lemongrass, mint, ginger, curry leaves, chilli, turmeric, spinach, fenugreek, green sorrel, radish, and beets. Depending on where you live in the country, attempt to plant local and seasonal types. At India, for example, there are eggplant types that grow in different seasons. Every season, at least one type grows in every region,”.


Seating spot on the terrace garden

Create a space to relax with family and friends by selecting furniture that complements the entire setting. For shade and shelter from the sun and rain, the terrace seating area can be covered with bamboo roofs or colourful canopies. A bench-style seat, as well as hammocks and swings, can be constructed. There is also a large selection of all-weather furniture made of rattan, bamboo, wood, metals, and other materials. Combine plants with chairs — tall plants in raised beds can be used as privacy screens or trellises behind the sitting.


Terrace garden lighting

For a dramatic impression, go strong, or go delicate for a more intimate atmosphere. All around the walls, choose low-voltage, energy-efficient, and long-lasting LED lights. To create an ethereal atmosphere in the garden area, use unusual lighting such as walkway lighting, wall lighting, hanging lights, or shining rocks. To lighten up the garden area, use large spotlights or floor lamps. Today, solar-powered lights are another excellent alternative.


On a terrace garden, composting

Composting is a waste management and recycling technique. On a terrace, composting kitchen trash creates nutrient-rich soil for plants. Compost aids in the reduction of trash sent to landfills and provides the optimum sustenance for food plant kinds. It’s also more lightweight than store-bought soil.  Compost can be made from vegetable waste, peels, tea, and other materials when combined with a carbon catalyst such as dry leaves, sawdust, or other materials. In around six weeks, the addition of bacteria to the mixture speeds up the composting process and breaks down the rubbish into rich black compost.



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