In India, there are 15 different types of homes.
India is generally divide into urban, semi-urban, and rural areas, with a variety of housing types in each. The 15 most common types of houses in India are give below.
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Types of houses
There are many different types of houses in India, depending on the geographical location, climate of the region, building materials, architectural impact, people’s lifestyles, and financial condition. House architectural styles in India have evolved in response to changing trends, cultures, and necessities, resulting in a wide range of house designs. Here are some of the most frequent forms of houses in India.
Flats or apartments are the most common type of houses in India.
A flat, often known as an apartment, is a form of home that includes all of the essential utilities for comfortable living & is located in a building with several other homes. Due to a scarcity of land, vertical dwelling complexes have become popular. The increase of smooth or apartment-style houses has been observe in metros and cities. Flats range in size from 1/2/3 BHK to even larger. Developers also offer flats with a variety of extra features to meet the needs of modern house buyers. Apartments have become the most common style of home in India’s cities, and they are still affordable to the middle- and upper-middle-class urban population.
RK and studio room is the second type of houses in India.
RK stands for room-kitchen and is also refer to as a studio flat. These dwellings, which are typically see in urban areas, lack a separate bedroom and living room. Working professionals and students love studio rooms because they are compact and efficient.
Penthouse is the third type of houses in India.
A penthouse is a high-end residence on the top floor of a luxury structure. In India, penthouses are link with exclusivity and distinction. These homes have opulent features that are not find in the other units in the building. Penthouses feature plenty of natural light and ventilation, as well as a panoramic view of the city. Despite their location in multi-residential complexes, penthouses provide a sense of independence akin to that of villas and bungalows. Multiple levels may exist within the same property, which is ideal for joint families. A penthouse has a higher ceiling than a conventional apartment. It features distinctive floor plans and high-end facilities such as private elevators and personal terraces.
Bungalow is the fourth type of houses in India.
Bungalows have a broad veranda, a low-pitch roof, and a single or two-story style. A bungalow is usually surround by a garden and a parking area, and it is set back from the rest of the neighborhood. Bungalows are much more expensive than flats since they have larger living space, which is frequently on one floor. In India, there are classic and contemporary bungalow designs to choose from. Bungalows have becoming increasingly popular as the epidemic has converted our houses into multi-functional dwellings with outdoor spaces to enjoy. Because most of India has tropical weather, well-designed bungalows generally incorporate both indoor and outdoor rooms.
Villa is the fifth type of houses in India.
A villa is a type of residence in India that is similar to a luxury home with all of the latest facilities. A villa typically features a large lawn and backyard, as well as numerous other amenities. Villas in the same neighborhood generate a sense of community that building flats do not, while also providing the solitude of a bungalow. Those who want the seclusion of an independent unit without the trouble of building one prefer villas. The fringes of cities allow plenty of room for these villas to be build within gated communities. A clubhouse, swimming pool, and theatre are available at a villa in a gated neighborhood.
Condominium is the sixth type of housing in India.
Condominiums have recently gained popularity in a few Indian cities. A condominium is a form of home find in a huge building complex with many independently own apartments. Condominium, or a condo purchase by an entity, is either maintain independently by the owner and under the umbrella of the condo group’s homeowners’ association with the help of a property management service. The condominium is a structure that is divide into smaller apartments that are privately own yet share common areas. As part of the property, share use of the garden, terrace, and other amenities is permit, and each owner is authorize to pay their taxes, mortgage, or property care and repair.
House Type #7 in India: Cottage
A cottage is a modest, single-story building in any architectural style. A cottage is a tiny, charming residence in the countryside with a rustic yet comfortable ambiance that is frequently use as a summer or vacation home. Cottages are typically compose of stone, wood, thatche roofs, stucco walls, a modest porch, and other materials depending on the climate of the location. Cottage house plans are popular as vacation homes near beaches (in Goa), lakes, and mountains, such as in Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, or Ooty, among other places.
Row houses are the eighth type of building in India.
A row house is a form of detached home built within a gated community. All row houses have the same architectural approach. The benefits and styles of a bungalow & a flat are combined in a row home design. A row house can be renovated without the involvement of the builder. Row houses allow residents to live independently while remaining part of a community. Row houses can be found in Noida, Gurugram, Pune, Chennai, Bengaluru, and Hyderabad in India.
Duplex house is the ninth type of house in India.
In India, a duplex house is one that has two living apartments, one over the other. A duplex house comprises two stories of living space, including a kitchen and then a common room. A staircase connects the two floors. Many builders customize the layout of duplex apartments to meet the needs of their customers. In India, the duplex home is a beautiful, affluent independent housing style with apartment features. The duplex house is perfect for joint families who want to live together but still have their privacy.
Farmhouse is the tenth type of home in India.
Farmhouses are houses that are surrounded by a farm or a well-kept garden. People looking for vacation homes or second homes like farmhouses, which can range from traditional to modern. Farmhouses are preferred by families because they provide greater space for a healthier lifestyle, such as growing vegetables, relaxing, exercising, hosting parties without bothering neighbours, and spending time in nature. The farmhouses can be found in the Mumbai suburbs of Lonavala, Karjat, and Alibaug. Farmhouses may be found in Chhatarpur, Westend Greens, Mehrauli, Rajokri, & Sultanpur in Delhi.
Stilt home is the eleventh type of dwelling in India.
The stilt house is made of bamboo and can be seen in flood-prone places like Assam. For flood protection, they are elevate from the ground. Water cannot enter the house because of the high structure.
Tree house is the 12th type of dwelling in India.
Tree house dwellings are abundant in India’s forest areas. They are a popular weekend vacation destination. Tree houses are provided with modern amenities and are located high above the ground on treetops, surrounded by a canopy of leaves.
Hut is the thirteenth type of home in India.
A hut is a tiny, simple structure fashioned from local materials such as wood, stone, grass, palm leaves, twigs, or mud, and constructed using traditions passed down through generations. These are some of the most basic and cost-effective houses that have been build in India for many years.
House Type #14 in India is an eco-friendly home.
When constructing their homes using sustainable technologies, many Indian homeowners aim to minimize environmental repercussions. Eco-friendly house designs are becoming increasingly popular in India. An eco-friendly home is built using non-toxic materials & is energy-efficient in both construction and operation. Thermal insulation is also use in eco-friendly homes to reduce electricity usage and carbon emissions. Water conservation is a key aspect of an environmentally friendly home. In such green homes, rainwater collection, low-flow taps, and water-efficient appliances help to conserve water. In India, such residences contain plenty of natural light and ventilation, as well as eco-friendly décor. Solar panels, biomass boilers, and heat pumps are utilize in eco-friendly homes to generate energy efficiently and limit the usage of non-renewable energy sources.
Other types of Indian dwellings #15: Palace
India also contains exquisite palaces, which were once the residences of Indian maharajas. The majority of these homes have now been convert into heritage hotels. The architecture and beauty of the palaces found in various states of India reflect the maharajas’ extravagant and wealthy lifestyles.
In India, there are materials for many types of dwellings.
The materials use to construct various types of houses in India change depending on the region. It is divide into two types: natural and synthetic. The most prevalent types of building materials used in construction of houses in India include wood, cement, metal, bricks, concrete, marble, stone, & clay. The cost-effectiveness, type of house, design, or climatic circumstances all factor into the decision.
Houses have been build out of natural resources such as mud, clay, sand, wood, bamboo, rocks, stone, and even twigs and leaves. Traditional mud buildings in rural India are compose of a mixture of clay, sand, and silt. Sustainable materials are also in demand due to the increased awareness of eco-friendly homes. Locally manufactured materials are in high demand since they complement the local design aesthetic and are more weather resistant. Modern homes in India are increasingly adopting glass as a façade or ceiling since it provides more light and reduces energy consumption. Aluminium and steel alloys are especially important in the construction industry since they provide the framework for large dwelling constructions.
Traditional Indian house designs
Traditional house types have changed over time in response to the climate, topography, & culture of the area. The traditional Indian houses vary per state because they are construct using locally available materials and indigenous construction skills. The most commonly utilized materials are stone, bricks, mud, wood, lime, & thatch. An indoor courtyard is an intrinsic feature of the layout of most traditional styles of dwellings in India. The rooms benefit from plenty of natural light and ventilation. A broad veranda, sloping roof, jaalis and lattice screens, chajjas above the windows, and doors are some of the other elements. Let’s have a look at some classic Indian dwellings.
Following are the some points
- The nalukettu, Kerala’s traditional great house, is made-up of four blocks connect by an open courtyard, whereas the ettukkettu is an eight-block construction. Traditional Kerala houses are made of clay, wood, & palm leaves stone & are design to blend in with nature. These homes were construct using traditional Thachu Sasthra (architecture science) as well as Vastu Shastra principles.
- The guttu home is a typical bunt community house in Karnataka. These steeply pitched roofed residences combine double-storeyed blocks around a courtyard & feature a lot of woodwork, including wooden swings, ceilings, elaborate pillars, and carved doorways. The structure is build to resist the harsh summer weather and severe rainfall. The building materials are clay and oak. Paddy fields and abundance of palm palms surround Guttu dwellings.
- Rajasthan’s traditional house design is influence by Mughal, Persian, and Indian architectural styles. Havelis are traditional houses with lovely courtyards, delicately constructed jharokhas, patterned floors, & carved pillars. Sandstone, marble, wood, plaster, even granite are use to construct havelis.
- Topography and harsh climate have resulted in Bhungas, Kutch’s traditional style of home. The thatched roof of these mud dwellings in Gujarat is spherical. They’re well-known for their seismic structural stability and climate resistance.
- Bungalows, one-story dwellings with verandas, offer a welcome relief from the oppressive humidity of Bengal summers. Sloped roofs, open floor designs, big windows, and spacious front porches are common features of bungalows. During British control in India, the term “bungalow” was coin from a Hindi phrase that meant “a dwelling in the Bengali style.”